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African Anthropologies: History, Critique and Practice. Songs and Politics in Eastern Africa, , Competitive Music Performance in East Africa, , Critique and Practice, London: Zed Publishers , Articles 1—20 Show more. Help Privacy Terms. Gender, identity, and Performance: Understanding Swahili cultural realities through song M Ntarangwi. But we know it all: African perspectives on anthropological knowledge C Obbo African anthropologies: History, critique and practice.

Gender, performance and identity: Understanding Swahili cultural identity through songs MG Ntarangwi. Education, tourism, or just a visit to the wild? M Ntarangwi African Issues 28 , , A socio-historical and contextual analysis of popular musical performance among the Swahili of Mombasa, Kenya M Ntarangwi Cultural Analysis 2, , The house was divided into different spheres of limited presence and limited visibility.

The arbitrary domestic boundaries differed strongly depending on social background of house owners; rules were revised due the feminist movement in and to growing international pressure against Apartheid politics since s. Yet the boundaries had been pushed and transgressed on daily basis both by blacks and whites. Apartheid might be defined in many its aspects: racist ideologies, punitive practices, economic inequality, emancipatory struggles, or double consciousness resulting from long term subordination. It is deprivation of emotional intimacy and experience of belonging, of normal bonding practices within family and community, of personal time and personal space, of maternal case and spousal intimacy.

It tells how subordinates struggle, within limited spaces and limited recourses, to get their social and emotional needs met. The statement is subject of debate, yet it sheds new light in understanding social dynamics and dependencies under inequalities of power. It unveils different aspects of domination and subalternship, ways of resistance, cooperation and collaboration, traumatizing experiences and of subaltern mind.

No doubt, the book is worth to be listed among the classics, too. Child Migration in Africa. London: Zed Books Ltd. The authors argue that even though the child migration in Africa might be characterized as exploitation and child trafficking across the globe, the migrant children see it as a rite of passage, as empowerment, as economic improvement, and as a means to help them pay for their school. Similarly, even though poverty is the chief reason the children migrate, the poorest children do not actually migrate because they cannot afford bus tickets.

The book is divided into six chapters. The first highlights literature concerning child welfare not only in Africa but in the Western world. This indicates that African childhood is more complex because it intertwines the above- mentioned dynamics. Children usually have a connection, such as their family members or friends already at the place of migration.

The authors wonder why children wander about unsupervised, apparently unlike some other societies.

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They note that the migration is a search for identity for the children. The authors use narratives of the participants to show the complexity of child migration in Africa. Yet, children are normally present in the work environment and are encouraged to engage in minimal tasks like helping their parents and older siblings, fetching water, or babysitting younger ones. Children pride themselves on working and they are rewarded from the proceeds, which they use to purchase little items.

All the participants knew they were limited to any employment that required literacy. Only four out of seventy-five children interviewed for the project have obtained a high school diploma. The authors found that at times the migration of children is a result of conflicts in the family. This could take the shape via impromptu arrangements. The authors highlight some instances in which a child would follow a stranger he or she has just met to work.

The authors discover that journeying is part of the extensive migrant network. Only a handful of children embark on the journey alone when travelling outside their rural areas. They also travel in pairs or groups in order to make it an amicable social event. Another reasons associated with migration to urban areas is that it commands respect for the migrant.

Chapter five gives an account of an array of vulnerabilities the children may face in their quest for a better life, which includes exploitation and refusal of payment to children by employers.

Further, migration is a result of deep poverty and an urge for autonomy. Child migrants are regularly criticized by the adults, citing that they are vulnerable to dangerous work and exploitation. They also reject being treated as children so they negotiate their societal arrangement. The authors note that employers take advantage of migrant children and youths. Even though there are structural inequalities in place, some migrants get money to support them as they go to school. In sum, Child Migration in Africa is well articulated by informing us of the critical and cultural aspects, as well as underlying issues behind child migration in Africa, which can be easily interpreted or misunderstood.

Burlington: Ashgate Publishing Company. History is there to refine our conception of reality. The Barosteland Agreement of on which the unitary state Zambia was build was abrogated in during the Constitutional Amendment. Reluctance by government to re-instate it led activists in Mongu district on January 14, to a bloodshed riot. Larmer challenges the idea that there was a certain homogenous orientation towards nation building in Zambia.

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Utilizing archival records of the United National Independence Party UNIP Archives, the National Archives of Zambia, and interviews with surviving participants Lamer displays an appealing perspective of conceptualizing Zambian political history within African post-colonial politics. His work is substantiated by a critical examination of available historical accounts.

Chapter one develops further the view that embraces heterogeneity and divisions. He shows how ethnicity, class divisions, and differences in ideologies marked political orientations in the run-up to independence and how these differences were reflected within UNIP. For example, Larmer discusses how the ANC, UNIP and other breakaway parties were regionally constructed, how each ethnic region identified its specific leader, and how each leader differed. Harry Nkumbula, from the stronghold of Southern Province, sought to mobilize direct African action against federation through trade unions.

Kenneth Kaunda, the UNIP president since had a non-aggressive approach; his authority was at times questionable; much of his authority and position rested in external endorsement. Chapters two and three develop an intriguing story on the discontentment of s, showing how the banned ANC and the UPP supporters found expression within the one party system. Their rejoining of UNIP brought about internal divisions; to stop such Kaunda introduced national, provincial, and district security committees p.

In chapter four Larmer continues showing how the unhappiness led the rural rebels under Mushala to seek military means of overthrowing the government. He was killed in With figures like Valentines Musakanya they organized a coup plot in , which eventually failed. In chapter six, Larmer turn to the relationship of Zambia with South African apartheid and locates the flow of his account in the context of the liberation movements that existed in Zambia.

In chapter seven, he tells us how anti-colonial social movements effectively worked in post-colonial political transitions. The epilogue gives snippets to the subsequent events. This book certainly corrects many distortions in Zambia with few notable limitations. Similarly, such stories associated with Alice Lenshina activities are overlooked. Finally, church related documents are missing in chapter seven.

This book is highly recommended to those with political ambitions and interests, to educators, to clergy members, and to all Zambian citizens. Boston: Brill. This book is an in-depth, masterful analysis and discussion of the landscape of memorialisation and commemoration in South Africa in the two decades since the end of Apartheid.

For her analysis Marschall draws on a variety of sources including interviews and statements by government and heritage officials, marketing material, feedback from the public as well as the analysis of the symbolism and physical form of numerous South African monuments and memorials from both a local and international perspective. As such, the book largely focuses on new monuments and memorials that have been erected mainly by governmental parties since the election of the African National Congress government in Where applicable, old monuments erected by previous political regimes are discussed as many of these have been subject to re-interpretation or are used as touchstones for new installations.

The book is composed of ten chapters, an introduction, and a conclusion. There is one chapter on conservation issues and the policy background pertaining in South Africa, especially the new heritage framework put in place after the institution of democracy including, for example, an emphasis on the importance of intangible heritage.

It is an importance that is not always reflected in new heritage installations, which Marschall argues and demonstrates throughout the book still tend to draw primarily on the existing western language of monumentality. Chapters two to four focus on the role that memorials play in helping individuals, communities and nations deal with traumatic and violent pasts. While this may sometimes result in division because of differing ideas of how such a past or individuals should be honoured, they do serve to help restore dignity through the public acknowledgement of suffering.

Chapter five discusses the way in which prominent, existing markers of commemoration have been dealt with. The prevailing approach has not been the widespread tearing down or displacement of such markers but rather their contextualisation, slight alteration to be more inclusive, or balancing by the erection of a new monument that tells the other side of the story. The remaining four chapters explore the links between these markers, nation-building, the solidification of particular interpretations of the past, and the role that monuments play in the commodification of heritage.

This is discussed with reference to initiatives such as the National Legacy Project and, particularly, Freedom Park, designed as a symbolic centre for the New South Africa. The chapter on the Monument to the Women of South Africa is devoted to the gendered dynamics of the new landscape of memory, the marginalization of women in this process and the relationship between gender and national identity. The aesthetic influence of old monuments on the design of the new is also discussed.

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Monuments and memorials may also come to be tourism draw cards. The presence of tourism can have profound effects on the way in which the past is presented and ultimately packaged. This is the topic of the final chapter. Marschall sets out in this book to not only provide us with a survey of the current heritage landscape of public commemoration in South Africa but also to critically interrogate it.

She does this throughout, situating the discussion, where necessary against the broader backdrop of monuments and memorials elsewhere, such as post-Communist Eastern Europe and assessing the degree to which such heritage installations achieve their objectives. Such study touches upon many different fields of inquiry. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Writing an anthropological study that speaks to political scientists is anything but a walk in the park.

In his first book, Mike McGovern accomplishes this difficult task masterfully. In order to answer these questions the author employs a constructivist framework and adopts a qualitative research agenda that challenges the parsimony of rational choice approaches. Christian, autochthones vs.

A full understanding of the conflict—according to the author—only emerges when the process of history is taken seriously and single events are contextualized within the larger picture. In the third chapter, the book turns from the general to the concrete. McGovern argues that it was the reference to autochthony that allowed much violence and killings.

He offers a thought-provoking interpretation by arguing that Gbagbo and the Forces Nouvelles have utilized existing local resentments in order to satisfy the goals of national elites p. The link between decolonization and intergenerational tensions in Chapter Four could have been clearer. In this sense it serves not only as an excuse for violence, but also as a natural limit to it p.

How racist is American anthropology?

This reservation applies to some extent to the many direct comparisons he offers to northern Europe and the United States, which—to be fair—are relativized in the afterword. Minor criticisms include the slip in the alphabetization of the glossary pp. Despite these quibbles, McGovern convincingly guides the reader through his sophisticated argument. The passion of someone who has a long professional experience in the region as well as an impressive interdisciplinary academic background speaks through each and every line of the book and makes the work appealing to a broad audience.

References Keohane, R. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Enlightened Aid: U. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia. New York: Oxford University Press. S- Ethiopian relations during the Cold War, as less than a quarter of the book approximately 55 out of pages actually deals with this relationship.

In fact, it is not until chapter 5 beginning on page that discussion of U. Furthermore, once the case study of U. Despite mention of a research trip to Ethiopia in her acknowledgements, the only Ethiopian sources cited are the published public speeches of Haile Selaisse. Even if Ethiopian governmental records are unavailable for research one would expect at the very least the author to review Ethiopian newspapers and conduct oral history interviews in order to provide the reader with some understanding for how U.

Disappointingly, however, not a single Ethiopian newspaper or oral history interview is cited, leaving the book without an Ethiopian voice. McVety perceptively points out that while the modernization of Ethiopia seemed mutually beneficial to both Washington and Addis Ababa, the motivations Truman and Selassie had for entering into an aid relationship often ran cross purposes from each other.

McVety makes the argument at the end of her book that the history of United States development aid to Ethiopia proves that foreign aid does not work. This might very well be the case, but one would need to present case studies from more than just Ethiopia in order to persuasively make this argument. Furthermore, before McVety can effectively argue that U. Despite these aforementioned faults and the failure of Enlightened Aid to be either a thorough history of U. For these reasons Enlightened Aid, if disappointing to Africanists, is an important read for anyone interested in the history of U.

New York: Orbis Books. Despite the remarkable proliferation of books on all facets of African history in the last fifty years, scholars and general readers alike still suffer from the general weakness of the genre of African biography in quantity, quality, and variety. With the possible exception of Nelson Mandela, the broad field of significant African political, military, social, and cultural leaders has not been well served by biographers, and this is true even for those key figures who died many years, even decades, ago.

In this respect, this book—which offers short, simple, but in some cases, very personal biographical sketches of ten important political leaders from that short span of time during which nearly all African states gained their independence—is a welcome addition to African historical literature. The authors, the husband and wife team of Thomas and Margaret Melady, are accomplished professionals in the fields of diplomacy, academia, and African affairs.

Melady has served as U. Johns, Fordham, and George Washington universities as well as other institutions. Melady, who holds a doctorate from the Gregorian University of Rome, has taught on the faculties of a number of American colleges and served as president of American University of Rome. Despite the academic credentials of the authors, however, Ten African Heroes is not a work of traditional scholarship, but rather a series of biographical sketches that are centered to varying degrees on the personal interactions that the Meladys had with each of the subjects: Leopold Senghor, Julius Nyerere, Kenneth Kaunda, Seretse Khama, Thomas Mboya, Holden Roberto, Eduardo Mondlane, William Tubman, Sylvanus Olympio, and Ahmadou Ahidjo.

The book then includes one short chapter of just ten to fifteen pages on each leader. The Meladys focus each biographical piece around their personal interactions with the subject when possible , which in some cases were regular and substantial, but in others were infrequent and rather inconsequential.

In all cases, the authors offer favorable portraits of their subjects, and in some of them, they relate the truly unique interactions they had with the African leaders. The chapters also stress the ways that the Meladys sought to promote the prestige and influence of those African leaders most interested in pushing peaceful, democratic, non-communist political development in Africa. In many cases the Meladys did this by bringing African leaders to the United States to receive honorary degrees from certain Roman Catholic universities, and in other cases the Meladys worked with the ecumenical Christian community to place positive pressure on political leaders to achieve those ends.

Although some chapters have relatively little new information because the Meladys had minimal actual interaction with the African leader for example, the chapters on Nyrere, Khama, and Tubman , the chapters on Senghor, Kaunda, Mboya, Roberto, Mondlane, and Olympio offer new and interesting stories of conversations and interactions between the authors and the specific leader.

Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Over a period of seven years, the author researched these questions through interviews, focus groups, participant observation, questionnaires, and scrutiny of historical records. Where the author does well is in describing the historical and anthropological culture of the pastoral societies of North East Africa, especially the intra- and inter-ethnic conflicts between them.

This book looks at the dynamics of the pastoralist life in the region to explain why there is such a demand for arms. The increase in regional arms needs is inversely correlated with decreased access to water and pasture for the cattle. Additionally, changes in the traditional tribal power structure brought about by the imposition of artificial borders during the colonial period have reduced traditional means of resolving conflicts. Mkutu also succeeds in describing the impact of small arms proliferation on pastoralist society in terms not just of economic cost but human impacts as well.

This includes not only injuries and death but also the shifting gender roles caused by the greater numbers of widows, increased child dependency rates, and increasing inequality in the distribution of wealth via cattle. The author is exceptionally informative in describing the paths that weapons take into the Rift and how they accumulate in different regions. That said, he apparently has managed to research and write an entire book about the regional influence of small arms without learning much about small arms themselves. By no means was this book ever meant to be a technical treatise on firearms, but a better understanding of them by the author could have improved it immensely.

Much of the information regarding firearms displayed in tables and the text has so many mistakes and contradictions in terminology that future researchers will have difficulty using it as a baseline in future studies.

This is a pity considering the regional changes in firearms distribution undoubtedly caused by the recent Libyan Civil War and the burgeoning conflict in Southern Sudan. Despite these problems and occurrences of rather stilted language, those studying social change in Africa will find Guns and Governance of great use. Of special note are the changes in tribal administration and interaction brought about by colonialism and national independence, how theses changes have influenced the flood of small arms, and how this flood has changed the cultural landscape of the Rift Valley.

Scholars studying weapons proliferation may find this book of less use beyond the excellent descriptions of the trade routes used and the actors who use them. These actors and routes will also be of interest to those looking at items other than small arms that may be traded illicitly in North East Africa. However, it is widely renowned as the prototype of so called Zionist Christianity showing characteristic features of dress and dance styles, music and healing performances or prophetic praxis.

Moreover, the ZCC has established a centralized structure that helped sustain its considerable weight in the religious landscape throughout the transformations in recent South African history. Ecclesiastically the ZCC represents a dynastic leadership, since presided over by Bishop Barnabas Lekganyane, who resides in Moria, a holy place some fifty kilometers east of Polokwane.

In a personal approach and employing a narrative style, the author widens the perspective on pilgrimage. Since the controversial appearances of politicians during the days of apartheid, the Moria pilgrimage has become the best-known feature in the ZCC ritual calendar. ZCC members undergo outward-bound pilgrimages to secular places in urban centers within and outside South Africa. The attention in this type of pilgrimage lies on the sacred person, for it centers on the ZCC Bishop.

Which are the relevance and the limits of this, and similar, distinction? Does belonging to academically marginalized spaces become a DNA thing Kowal, ? How could indigenous, feminist and other critical methodologies and epistemologies really matter for the whole discipline?

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Except for the CAV and Student Panels, only one time slot of minutes will be assigned per panel roughly minutes per paper. The deadline for paper proposals is 30 June Please submit your proposal to the contact person listed for each panel. Writing against culture. In: FOX, R. Recapturing anthropology. Literary Theory. An Antology. Thunder Shamans. HALL, S.